Estudo não paramétrico da relação entre consumo de energia, renda e temperatura (Non parametric study of the relationship between energy consumption, income and temperature)

João Carlos Correia Baptista Soares de Mello (jcsmello@producao.uff.br)2, Lidia Angulo Meza (lidia@metal.eeimvr.uff.br)2, Eliane Gonçalves Gomes (eliane.gomes@embrapa.br)1, Artur José Silva Fernandes (arth@predialnet.com.br)2, Luiz Biondi Neto (lbiondi@uerj.br)3


1Embrapa
2Universidade Federal Fluminense
3Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro

This paper appears in: Revista IEEE América Latina

Publication Date: June 2008
Volume: 6,   Issue: 2 
ISSN: 1548-0992


Abstract:
The main goal of this paper is to measure the efficiency in converting energy use in people’s earnings for some Rio de Janeiro municipalities, Brazil. We used CCR and BCC classical Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) models, with one input (per capita energy use) and two outputs (average temperature and average monthly earnings). The results indicate that municipalities with higher GDP values have lower efficiency. When discussing the results, we present possible reasons for this fact.

Index Terms:
Energy management, Temperature, Optimization methods, Economics   


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