Clasificacion de Imagenes de Satelite mediante Reglas Difusas generadas a partir de un Algoritmo Genetico (Classification of Satellite Images by means of Fuzzy Rules generated by a Genetic Algorithm)

Oscar Gordo (, Estibaliz Martinez (, Consuelo Gonzalo (, Agueda Arquero (

This paper appears in: Revista IEEE América Latina

Publication Date: March 2011
Volume: 9,   Issue: 1 
ISSN: 1548-0992

The data acquired by Remote Sensing systems allow obtaining thematic maps of the earth's surface, by means of the registered image classification. This implies the identification and categorization of all pixels into land cover classes. Traditionally, methods based on statistical parameters have been widely used, although they show some disadvantages. Nevertheless, some authors indicate that those methods based on artificial intelligence, may be a good alternative. Thus, fuzzy classifiers, which are based on Fuzzy Logic, include additional information in the classification process through based-rule systems. In this work, we propose the use of a genetic algorithm (GA) to select the optimal and minimum set of fuzzy rules to classify remotely sensed images. Input information of GA has been obtained through the training space determined by two uncorrelated spectral bands (2D scatter diagrams), which has been irregularly divided by five linguistic terms defined in each band. The proposed methodology has been applied to Landsat-TM images and it has showed that this set of rules provides a higher accuracy level in the classification process.

Index Terms:
Fuzzy thematic classifier, fuzzy rules, genetic algorithms, remotely sensed images,   

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