Diseño Automático de Ensambles de W-operadores para Segmentación de Imágenes Oculares (Automatic Design of Ensembles of Window Operators for Ocular Image Segmentation)

Marco Enrique Benalcázar Palacios (marco_benalcazar@hotmail.com), Marcel Brun (marcelbrun@gmail.com), Virginia Laura Ballarin (vballari@gmail.com), Roberto Marcelo Hidalgo (rhidalgo@fi.mdp.edu.ar)

Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata
This paper appears in: Revista IEEE América Latina

Publication Date: Aug. 2014
Volume: 12,   Issue: 5 
ISSN: 1548-0992

W-operators are a nonlinear class of locally defined and translation invariant image operators. A W-operator is completely defined and represented by a characteristic function, or classifier, that maps a set of window observations to a set of labels. In this work, we propose a new approach to design W-operators for grayscale image processing. In the proposed approach, we constrain both the space of characteristic functions using artificial feed-forward neural networks and the space of observations using the 2-D Haar wavelet transform. The goal of these constraints is to reduce the cost of design and improve the performance of W-operators for practical applications. Based on this approach, a family or set of W-operators is designed and then combined into a single operator using an ensemble method. We evaluated the performance of this approach in the segmentation of blood vessels in ocular images of the DRIVE database. The results show the suitability of this approach: It outperforms W-operators based on logistic regression without any constraint in the space of observations; aperture filters designed using support vector machines and pyramidal multiresolution, and a fast segmentation using the local thresholding method of Otsu.

Index Terms:
Image Processing, Segmentation, Classification, Ocular Images, Mathematical Morphology, Neural Networks, Wavelet Transform, Ensemble of Classifiers   

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