Micro-Redes Elétricas: Principais Políticas de Incentivo e Avaliação de Condicionantes de Desempenho para Integração ao Sistema Tronco (Microgrid Systems: Main Incentive Policies and Performance Constraints Evaluation for their Integration to the Network)

Tesoro Elena Del Carpio Huayllas (tesoroelena@hotmail.com)1, Dorel Soares Ramos (dorelram@usp.br)1, Ricardo Leon Vasquez Arnez (rarnez@fdte.org.br)2


1Depto. de Engenharia de Energia e Automação Elétrica, Universidade de São Paulo
2Fundação para o Desenvolvimento Tecnológico da Engenharia - FDTE

This paper appears in: Revista IEEE América Latina

Publication Date: Sept. 2014
Volume: 12,   Issue: 6 
ISSN: 1548-0992


Abstract:
The objective of this article is to present a comparative evaluation and analysis related to the possible application of the main incentive policies, particularly net metering and feed-in tariffs, into microgrid systems. This is done in order to promote their implementation, expansion and consequent integration to medium and low voltage systems. To complement the study carried out, it was deemed essential including the response of the simulations related to the performance of a microgrid during its islanding (pre-planned and unintentional) process from the network. Today, the expectation about the performance of microgrid systems is high, especially if it is considered that its nearest ally, the smart grid technology, is having a rapid development. From the simulations conducted to assess the microgrid dynamic response, it became clear that microgrid systems may face some difficulties including unsuccessful attempts during the islanding process from the network.

Index Terms:
Feed-in tariff, Forced Islanding, Incentive policies, Microgrids, Net metering, Pre-planned Islanding.   


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