Identificación, control y análisis de robustez de un sistema robótico empleando control fraccionario (Identification, control and robustness analysis of a robotic system using fractional control)

Jairo Viola (jairoviola92@hotmail.com)1, Luis Angel (luis.angel@upb.edu.co)1


1Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana

This paper appears in: Revista IEEE América Latina

Publication Date: May 2015
Volume: 13,   Issue: 5 
ISSN: 1548-0992


Abstract:
This paper presents the identification, control and robustness analysis for a robotic system of 1 degree of freedom using fractional and integer PID controllers. Initially, an ADAMS-MATLAB co-simulation model is built to simulate the dynamic model of robotic system. The identification of the dynamic model parameters of the system employs the recursive least-squares method. The controller design uses a linearized model of the robotic system obtained by the method of input-output linearization, and then, the fractional PID and integer PID controllers are designed based on it. The robustness of the PID controllers is analyzed in the frequency and the time domain. The robustness analysis in the frequency domain uses The Gang of Four (sensibility, complementary sensibility, sensibility of the plant and sensibility of the controller effort). The time domain analysis uses the ADAMS-MATLAB co-simulation model, considering external disturbances, noise in the feedback loop, parametric uncertainty and set-point variation, using as performance criteria ISE, average value and standard deviation of the control action. The tests are performed for positioning and tracking tasks. The obtained results show that the fractional PID controller has a better behavior in presence of external disturbances and lower energy consumption.

Index Terms:
ADAMS-MATLAB co-simulation, FOPID, IOPID, robotics, identification, robustness analysis, input-output linearization.   


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