Enfoque para la Segmentación de Imágenes Acústicas de Sonar de Barrido Lateral utilizando Lógica Programable (An Approach for Side Scan Sonar Acoustic Images Segmentation using Programmable Logic)

Sebastian Aldo Villar (svillar@fio.unicen.edu.ar)1, Silvano Renato Rossi (srossi@fio.unicen.edu.ar)1, Gerardo Gabriel Acosta (ggacosta@fio.unicen.edu,ar)1

1INTELYMEC, CIFICEN, CONICET, Fac. de Ingeniería, Universidad Nacional del Centro Prov. de Buenos Aires (UNCPBA)

This paper appears in: Revista IEEE América Latina

Publication Date: May 2015
Volume: 13,   Issue: 5 
ISSN: 1548-0992

In applications related to maintenance of underwater infrastructure in harbour installations, cables and pipelines, it is necessary to separate the relevant objects of study from the rest of the acoustic image obtained by sonar. Current acoustic image processing techniques require a high computational effort and time consumption due to the manipulation of large volumes of data generated by these devices. Motivated by this problem, in this paper we present an alternative for segmenting acoustic images, proposing a framework for use with programmable logic technology. We propose to perform data segmentation into three types of regions, acoustic highlight, seafloor reverberation and acoustic shadow areas, by using programmable logic and VHDL hardware description language. Finally, results obtained over seafloor images with pipeline presence and acquired with a side scan sonar from a vessel in Salvador de Bahía, Brazil are presented.

Index Terms:
Side Scan Sonar, Acoustic Image, Programmable Logic, Hardware Description.   

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