Sistema Adaptativo para Administración de Evacuaciones Basado en Técnicas de Monitoreo
(Adaptive Evacuation Management System Based on Monitoring Techniques)
José A. Munoz (firstname.lastname@example.org)1, Vanesa Calero (email@example.com)1, Ignacio Marin (firstname.lastname@example.org)1, Patricia Chavez (email@example.com)1, Rafael Perez (Rafael.firstname.lastname@example.org)2
1Escuela Superior Politécnica del Litoral2Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria
This paper appears in: Revista IEEE América Latina
Publication Date: Nov. 2015
Volume: 13, Issue: 11
In this paper we explore the implementation of a dynamic emergency system. The proposed system uses the already implemented sensors and cameras, supplemented with task oriented sensors, in a Distributed/Wireless Sensor Networks (DSN/WSN) architecture to gain knowledge of the building environment conditions such as fires, gas leaks, corridors usage among others. With the collected information, the system, by using routing algorithms, will generate, dynamically, the best routes to evacuate the premises. The route generation takes into consideration not only the data provided by the sensors but also the nature of the emergency. This approach avoids or minimize potential risk from, for example, stored goods or the, current, status of the emergency exits, maximizing the number of routes so the evacuation of attendees and ingress of emergency personal can be done in the safest and fastest way possible. The system will inform about the egress routes and ingress routes thought the use of dynamic visible signs. In order to clarify and illustrate the proposed solution a case study for a sport stadium is also presented.
Internet of things, reactive evacuation management, adaptive signaling and path localization
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