Desarrollo de una Interfaz Cerebro-Computadora Basada en Estímulos Visuales para el Movimiento de las Articulaciones de un Robot (Development of a Brain-Computer Interface Based on Visual Stimuli for the Movement of a Robot Joints)

Alan Francisco Pérez Vidal (alanperezvidal@hotmail.com)1, Marco Antonio Oliver Salazar (moliver@cenidet.edu.mx)1, Guadalupe Salas López (gsalas@cenidet.edu.mx)1


1Centro Nacional de Investigación y Desarrollo Tecnológico

This paper appears in: Revista IEEE América Latina

Publication Date: Feb. 2016
Volume: 14,   Issue: 2 
ISSN: 1548-0992


Abstract:
This paper presents a brain computer interface (BCI) to control a robotic arm by brain signals from visual stimuli. The following signal processing steps were established; acquisition of brain signals by electroencephalography (EEG) electrodes; noise reduction; extraction of signal characteristics and signal classification. Reliable brain signals were obtained by the use of the Emotiv EPOC® commercial hardware. The OpenViBE® commercial software was used to program the signal processing algorithms. By using Matlab® together with an Arduino® electronic board, two servo motors were controlled to drive two joints of a 5 degrees-of-freedom robot commanded by P300-type evoked potential brain signals from visual stimulation when a subject concentrates on particular images from an image matrix displayed in the computer screen. The experiments were conducted with and without auditive and visual noise (artifacts) to find out the noise influence in the signal classification outcome.

Index Terms:
brain signal processing, brain computer interface, visual stimuli, electroencephalography, P300 evoked potentials   


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