Fatores de influência relacionados à geração de distorções harmônicas por unidades eólicas (Physical Concepts Related to Harmonics Produced by Wind Turbines Operation)

Alex Reis (reialex@gmail.com)1, José Carlos Oliveira2

1Instituto Federal de Ciência, Educação e Tecnologia do Triângulo Mineiro
2Universidade Federal de Uberlândia

This paper appears in: Revista IEEE América Latina

Publication Date: April 2016
Volume: 14,   Issue: 4 
ISSN: 1548-0992

The increasing demand for low environmental impact energy resources has intensified the importance of wind farms in many countries. However, several technical discussions about the integration of these generators to electrical networks are motivated by the harmonic distortion impacts on the coupling bus. In fact, power electronics devices play an important role in different wind generation schemes, although its harmonic emission affect directly the voltage quality standards. In this context, this work aims at reviewing the operational characteristics of wind turbines with synchronous machines and full-scale power converters, regarding the main factors responsible for harmonic generation. The theoretical concepts presented throughout the paper are supported by computer modelling and simulation, as well as field measurements on a real wind power plant.

Index Terms:
Computer Modeling, Field Measurements, Harmonic Distortion, Renewable Energy, Power Quality, Wind Farm.   

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