Análisis de las técnicas de minería de datos para la construcción de un modelo predictivo para el Rendimiento Académico (Analysis of Data Mining Techniques for Constructing a Predictive Model for Academic Performance)

Sandra Milena Merchan Rubiano (, Jorge Alberto Duarte García (

1Universidad El Bosque

This paper appears in: Revista IEEE América Latina

Publication Date: June 2016
Volume: 14,   Issue: 6 
ISSN: 1548-0992

This paper presents and analyzes the experience of applying certain data mining methods and techniques on 932 Systems Engineering students' data, from El Bosque University in Bogotá, Colombia; effort which has been pursued in order to construct a predictive model for students' academic performance. Previous works were reviewed, related with predictive model construction within academic environments using decision trees, artificial neural networks and other classification techniques. As an iterative discovery and learning process, the experience is analyzed according to the results obtained in each of the process' iterations. Each obtained result is evaluated regarding the results that are expected, the data's input and output characterization, what theory dictates and the pertinence of the model obtained in terms of prediction accuracy. Said pertinence is evaluated taking into account particular details about the population studied, and the specific needs manifested by the institution, such as the accompaniment of students along their learning process, and the taking of timely decisions in order to prevent academic risk and desertion. Lastly, some recommendations and thoughts are laid out for the future development of this work, and for other researchers working on similar studies.

Index Terms:
Data mining, Predictive modeling, Academic risk prevention, Academic performance, Educational data mining.   

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