Análise Estrutural de Redes Viárias Usando Ciência das Redes (Structural Analysis of Road Networks Using Network Science)

Alvaro M. A. Garcia (, Rodrigo P. Monteiro (, Carmelo J. A. Bastos Filho (

1Universidade de Pernambuco

This paper appears in: Revista IEEE América Latina

Publication Date: Oct. 2016
Volume: 14,   Issue: 10 
ISSN: 1548-0992

The way the streets and avenues are organized in a city may have a huge impact on the traffic flow. This paper presents a methodology to analyze topological characteristics of road networks. The study was performed by using two groups of neighborhoods divided according to the historical traffic problems. These areas were represented using graphs, thus making possible the application of some network metrics. The main goal of this process is to identify patterns associated with each one of these groups. It was observed that some parameters such as entropy, centrality and input and output node degree distribution can provide the indication of features that are directly related to the criticality of the traffic jam in the road structures.

Index Terms:
Network science, Traffic modeling, Traffic jam, Human Mobility   

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