Uma Análise Estatística da Eficácia da Aprendizagem em Cursos On-line de Engenharia (A Statistical Analysis of the Learning Effectiveness in Online Engineering Courses)

Régia Talina Silva Araújo (, Fátima Nelsizeuma Sombra Medeiros (, Manuel Edervaldo Souto Araújo (, Kelly Pereira Lima (, Nukácia Meyre Silva Araújo (, Francisco Alixandre Ávila Rodrigues (

1Universidade Federal do Ceará
2Instituto Federal do Ceará
3Universidade Federal de Lavras
4Universidade Estadual do Ceará

This paper appears in: Revista IEEE América Latina

Publication Date: Feb. 2017
Volume: 15,   Issue: 2 
ISSN: 1548-0992

Engineering education as a field of study is young, and the number of experienced researchers investigating the complex learning questions associated with becoming an engineer still sparse [44]. In this perspective, the following research question can be outlined: Do educational resources that are available in online engineering courses, such as Virtual Learning Environment, Content Instructional Design and Simulations, impact the effectiveness of learning? The main objective of this article is to statistically assess the effectiveness of e-learning courses in engineering. To fulfill the research objective, the use of the investigated learning resources was observed in a distance learning course, and an evaluation instrument was adapted, validated and applied to the students. To test the learning effectiveness, multivariate statistical methods were used to analyze the instrument, namely: Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and canonical correlation analysis. The multivariate analysis with the canonical correlation discloses how the positive contribution of the two groups arises from the PCA application: Functionality of Virtual Environment and Design Content and Simulations in learning effectiveness.

Index Terms:
Multivariate analysis, learning effectiveness, distance education, engineering education   

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