Sistema de información para mando y control aplicados a la respuesta a grandes incendios forestales (Command and Control Information Systems applied to Large Forest Fires Response)

Marcelo Zambrano (oszamvi@doctor.upv.es)1, Israel Pérez (ispello0@upvnet.upv.es)1, Federico Carvajal (fecarrod@upvnet.upv.es)1, Manuel Esteve (mesteve@dcom.upv.es)1, Carlos Palau (cpalau@dcom.upv.es)1


1Universitat Politècnica de València

This paper appears in: Revista IEEE América Latina

Publication Date: Sept. 2017
Volume: 15,   Issue: 9 
ISSN: 1548-0992


Abstract:
Forest fires are one of the natural disasters that frequently occur around the world, causing irreparable human, material and environmental losses. To confront a wild forest fire, it is essential to have an accurate description of the operations environment, which allows to take decisions in line with reality and collaboration among the different agencies involved in response operations. This paper describes an architecture for implementing of a Command and Control Information System that enables to obtain an accurate situational awareness of the operations theater, communications with the deployed units inside and outside the disaster environment, and coordination and effective transmission of decisions making when responding to the presence of a wild forest fire. It focus its proposal on the establishment of a tactical network that allows adequate monitoring of the environment and facilitate mobility and deployment of response units on the hot spot.

Index Terms:
Command and Control Information System, Decision Making, Large Forest Fire, Sensorization, Situation Awareness, Wireless Mesh Network.   


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